2015年考研[微博]乌克兰语语法长难句精析(后生可畏)

  第八天:抓住阅读五层递进——阅读必背句子

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  考研印度语印尼语长难句解析涉及到种种题型,考生若是能够正确的知道长难句,然后再结合各题型的技能,考生在做题时就足以弹无虚发了,当然,最中央的词汇底工是要贯穿到复习的逐生龙活虎阶段,这段日子考生有了迟早的词汇基本功,何况对于底子语法也是有自然的打听,然则遇到长难句时就麻烦入手,上边老师给考生疏享下怎样精析长难句。

  阅读命题常针对长难句。所以很有须要熟习长难句的门类以致它们分别的严重性。后日先介绍长难句的握住方式,再提交一些独立的句子,提议熟读以至背诵,以成功考试时相遇相像句子就能够掀起重大。

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  1. The physicist rightly dreads preciseargument, since an argument
that is convincing only if it is precise loses allits force if the
assumptions on which it is based are slightly changed whereasan argument
that is convincing though imprecise may well be stable under
smallperturbations of its underlying assumptions。

  生龙活虎、 长难句平日应对攻略

  阅读命题常针对长难句。所以很有要求通晓长难句的品种以至它们各自的重大。下边给出一些卓绝的句子,提出熟读以至背诵,以成功考试时遇见相通句子就会掀起初要。

  解析:本句的定语从句非常多,首先要分清主干,然后依据从句调节语序:since后的为主是:an argument loses all its force,argument 后的that辅导的是定语从句修饰argument,if引导的是条件状语从句,if后的主干是:the assumptions are slightly changed.  on which 修饰assumption,
whereas后的大旨是:an argument may well be stable. 在那之中that是教导argument的定语从句,under前边的是状语。

  1.从句又多又长:二个主句带八个从句,从句中又包涵从句

  1、复合句

  参谋翻译:地文学家有理由忧虑准确的商量,若是依照这几个切磋的只要发生变化,那么那些值得信赖的座谈就能够失去它装有的威力,可是在神秘的举例下,那个虽不正确但还值得信赖的座谈只怕照样值得思念。

  应对情势:先抓宗旨,搜索复杂句中最大旨的主谓宾,再层层张开

  When a new movement in art attains a certain fashion, it is
advisable to find out what its advocates are aiming at, for, however
farfetched and unreasonable their principles may seem today, it is
possible that in years to come they may be regarded as normal。

  2. He is referring to the upsurge ofinterest in mobile television, a
nascent industry at the intersection oftelecoms and media which offers
new opportunities to device-makers,content producers and mobile-network
operators。

  2.句子中包罗长长的插入成分:用插入语来交代某句话是何人说的依旧是言语人的身价,或表明、表达后边的从头到尾的经过

  [布局解析]

  深入剖析:本句的主旨是:He is referring to the upsurgeof interest in
mobile television. 逗号后是同位语从句修饰mobile
television,在同位语从句中冒出whichoffers new opportunities to
device-makers, content producers and mobile-networkoperators.
指导的定语从句,补充表明nascent industry。

  应对方法:驾驭句子主干时,先不理会插入语,等把主句的乐趣看完整,然后再看插入成分

  本句的着力是it is advisable to find out… for… it is possible
that…,句首的When教导二个时辰状语从句,句中的for… it is possible…
(至句末)是二个同等对待分句,表示原因,当中for前边的however +形容词farfetched
and unreasonable指导状语从句,表示妥胁。在主干it is advisable to find
out… 中,it是花样主语,前面包车型大巴不定式结构to find out what its advocates
are aiming at是实在的主语。

  参照他事他说加以侦察翻译:他谈到了人人对运动电视机的皇皇兴趣,那是七个在邮电通讯和媒体领域有陆陆续续的新兴行当,它给设备成立商、TV内容制作者以至运动互联网运维商提供了新的机会。

  3. 分词短语、独立主格结构的郁闷

  [参照译文]

  3. Meanwhile, Apple Computer, whichlaunched a video-capable version
of its iPod portable music-player in October,is striking deals with
television networks to expand the range of shows thatcan be purchased
for viewing on the device, including “Lost”,

  应对方法:主句最重要的风味正是有完全的主谓结构,特别是独立的谓语部分。叁个看似句子的布局,若无单身的谓语部分,它就不是句子,而是分词短语、独立主格结构等,可以先跳过不看

  当艺术上的生龙活虎项国民党的新生活运动动达到一定流行水日常,最佳先弄清该运动倡导者的目标,因为,不论他们的行文原则在后天看来多么牵强、多么荒诞,在未来这一个理论有超级大可能率会被视为符合规律的东西。

  “Desperate Housewives” and “Law &Order”。

  4. 二种情景的混合

  2、并列句

  深入分析:本句比较长,现身了非定语从句的相间结构,本句的大旨是:Apple
Computer is striking deals with television networks to expandthe range
of shows…,现身了which launched a video-capable version ofits iPod
portable music-player in October,指点的定语从句修饰Apple
Computer。That辅导的定语从句修饰shows。句末的分词结构including“Lost”,
“Desperate Housewives”and “Law &Order”作陪伴状语,评释range
ofshows的具体内容。

  应对格局:早前向后,抓住独立的谓语部分,从而区分出主句和分词状语,再依靠主句与从句之间的连接词,区分出主句和从句,层层扩充掌握,插入语在哪些档案的次序,就放在哪个档案的次序领会

  While talking to you, your could-be employer is deciding whether
your education, your experience, and other qualifications will pay him
to employ you and your “wares” and abilities must be displayed in an
orderly and reasonably connected manner。

  参照他事他说加以考察翻译:与此同有的时候候,苹果计算机集团在1月贩售了生机勃勃款能够观察电视机的便携式音乐播放器iPod,该商铺大大扶持了电视网络扩大其得以供顾客购买的、用于在运动终端的节目范围,

  二、 特殊句型

  [协会剖判]

  包涵《迷失》、《绝望的主妇》以致《法律与秩序》。

  对于特种句型,如设想语气,能够将其知晓成一种反事实借使,也便是笔者的观点和态度与之相反。对于分隔结构来说,其主题平常在破折号、逗号和定语从句之外,阅读时方可先跳过修饰成分。对于涉嫌结构,要学会搜索第二有的,因为首盘部临时是句子的最首要。如在not…but…之中,重视在but…随后。

  那也是二个并列排在一条线句,包括五个分句。第叁个分句的大旨是your could-be
employer is deciding whether…,此中whether指点贰个宾语从句whether your
education, your experience, and other qualifications will pay him to
employ you;第二个分句的中坚是your “wares” and abilities must be
displayed…。注意:pay sb. to do
sth。此处的意思是“做…对…有利”;“wares”的本义是“商品、货品”,但在本文中,笔者以为找职业正是推销自身,所以结合本文的背景,wares的意趣是“(求职者的)涉世或技术”。

  以上正是我们与考生疏享的语法长难句精析,希望考生们多做这上边的演练题,稳步精通解析长难句的技能。

  三、具体句子

  [参照他事他说加以考察译文]

  二〇一四年考研立陶宛语语法长难句精析(二)

  1.复合句

  与你开口时,恐怕成为你以后业主的人会思考你所受的启蒙、你的资历和你的别的资历是还是不是在雇佣你之后会给他带给好处。你的“资历”和手艺必得井井有理、合理连贯地出示出来。

  考生在分条析理捷克语长难句时要小心语法在句子中的“混合着去搭配”,对于综合语法的行使,考生要有能鉴定识别的鉴赏力,下边老师给考生详细剖判:

  When a new movement in art attains a certain fashion, it is
advisable to find out what its advocates are aiming at, for, however
farfetched and unreasonable their principles may seem today, it is
possible that in years to come they may be regarded as normal.

  3、定语从句

  1. Some technologies do indeed improve at such a predictable pace
that theyobey simple formulae such as Moore’s law, which acts as a
battle plan for thesemiconductor industry。

  [参照译文]

  The change met the technical requirements of the new age by engaging
a large professional element and prevented the decline in efficiency
that so commonly spoiled the fortunes of family firms in the second and
third generation after the energetic founders。

  剖析:本句不是非常短,结构相比清楚,主句为Some technologies do indeed
improve at such a predictable pace thatthey obey simple formulae such as
穆尔’s law,这里考生要能识别出such…that…结构;后边的
which引导非节制性定语从句,修饰先行词formulae such as Moore’s
law,which在从句中作主语。

  当艺术上的风姿罗曼蒂克项国民党的新生活运动动达到自然流行水常常,最佳先弄清该活动倡导者的指标,因为,无论他们的作文条件在后天简来说之多么牵强、多么荒唐,在将来那几个理论有非常的大也许会被视为寻常的东西。

  [组织拆解解析]

  参照他事他说加以考查译文:的确,有些工夫的向上是以生龙活虎种可预测的旋律进行着,它们遵从Moore定律般轻易的公式,好比是非晶态半导体育工作业的行动安顿。

  [协会拆解解析]

  本句是多个同仁一视句,以and连接;第贰个分句的中坚是The change met the
technical requirements…,前边的介词结构by engaging a large
professional element作状语,表明met the technical requirements of the
new age的秘籍;第二个分句的基本是(the change) prevented the decline in
efficiency,前边的that带领的定语从句修饰decline in
efficiency。注意:engage此处的意思是“雇,聘”。

  2. Visit many online sites to research a car, and they will sell
your nameimmediately to local dealerships which will then harass you in
theold-fashioned way。

  本句的骨干是it is advisable to find out… for… it is possible
that…,句首的When指导一个年华状语从句,句中的for… it is possible…
(至句末)是一个并列分句,表示原因,此中for前边的however +形容词farfetched
and unreasonable教导状语从句,表示退让。在主干it is advisable to find
out… 中,it是样式主语,后边的不定式结构to find out what its advocates
are aiming at是真正的主语。

  [参谋译文]

  剖析:本句是and指引的七个并列分句。注意前一分句简单了和后一分句相通的主语they(指代互连网出售商)。同期也能够驾驭为是:祈使句+and+日常以往时,后一分句中,they
will sell your nameimmediately to local
dealerships是主句,关系代词which教导定语从句whichwill then harass you in
the old fashioned way,which指代上文的一整句话。

  2.并列句

  通过任用多量的生意人才,那黄金时代转移满意了新时期的本领要求,防止了效能收缩——在过去,这种频率下跌平日使宗族企业在充满活力的创业者之后的第二代或第三代毁掉全数财产。

  参照他事他说加以考察译文:互连网贩卖商通过会见大批量的网址去找寻生龙活虎部车,然后就能够把你的名字提必要地方的中间商,那又会让您重临到原先那种购网络麻豆式所推动的麻烦中。

  While talking to you, your could-be employer is deciding whether
your education, your experience, and other qualifications will pay him
to employ you and your “wares” and abilities must be displayed in an
orderly and reasonably connected manner.

  4、名词性从句

  3.  Even China’s population will be declining bythe early 2030s,
according to the UN, which projects that by 2050 populationswill be
lower than they are today in 50 countries。

  [参照他事他说加以考查译文]

  Online culture thinks highly of the notion that the information
flowing onto the screen comes there by specific request。

  剖判:本句的主句为China’s population will be declining by the early
2030s。其后的定语从句which projects that by 2050populations will be
lower than they are today in 50
countries修UN,关系代词在从句中作主语,注意这里project作动词用,译为“提议”,且从句里使用了相比较级。

  与您讲讲时,大概变为您未来CEO的人会设想你所受的教育、你的阅世和您的此外经历是还是不是在雇佣你现在会给她推动收益。你的“经验”和力量必需有层有次、合理连贯地显示出来。

  [组织深入剖判]

  参照他事他说加以考察译文:联合国有关报告建议,即就是华夏,到2030年开始的一段时期人口也将启幕依次减少。那份报告还要还提议,到2050年,将有47个国家的人头低于前不久的水准。

  [布局剖析]

  本句的基本是Online culture thinks highly of the notion
that…,当中notion后边的that指导二个同位语从句,表明notion的具体内容;同位语从句的为主是the
information…comes there…,当中flowing onto the screen作定语,修饰the
information,句末的by specific request作状语,修饰come there。

  4.  That is surely how history will judge moderncriticism of video
games, which are accused of turning young people intoviolent
criminals.        

  那也是一个并列排在一条线句,满含多少个分句。第二个分句的宗旨是your could-be
employer is deciding whether…,在那之中whether教导二个宾语从句whether your
education, your experience, and other qualifications will pay him to
employ you;第4个分句的主干是your “wares” and abilities must be
displayed…。注意:pay sb. to do
sth.此处的情致是“做…对…有利”;“wares”的本义是“商品、货色”,但在本文中,作者感觉找职业就是推销本身,所以结合本文的背景,wares的意趣是“(求职者的)经历或技术”。

  [参照译文]

  拆解深入分析:本句的主句是主系表结构:That is surely how history will judge
modern criticism of
videogames,在那之中表语是how辅导的名词性从句,定语从句which are accused
ofturning young people into violent criminals修饰video
games,关系代词which指代先行词videogames,which在从句中作主语,考生要专心这里运用了被动语态be
accused of,在翻译时我们译成主动。

  3.定语从句

  互连网文化特别重视那样风度翩翩种意见:出今后顾客荧屏上的新闻应该是依据客户特定必要发送过来的。

  参谋译文:对于当今时代那七个指控电视机游戏使青年形成暴力罪人的评论者们,历史最后也将对他们作出一样的批判。

  The change met the technical requirements of the new age by engaging
a large professional element and prevented the decline in efficiency
that so commonly spoiled the fortunes of family firms in the second and
third generation after the energetic founders.

  5、状语从句

  以上正是教员与大家分享的语法在长难句中的应用,希望考生能够认真总结句子中的语法,多练习,精通精晓。

  [参照译文]

  Consumers seem only concerned, not panicked, and many say they
remain optimistic about the economy’s long-term prospects, even as they
do some modest belt tightening。

  (作品来源:文都教育)

  通过聘用大量的营生人才,那风流罗曼蒂克变型满意了新时期的技巧必要,防止了频率下落——在过去,这种频率减弱平日使亲族公司在充满活力的创办实业者现在的第二代或第三代毁掉全部资金财产。

  [结构深入分析]

  [布局剖判]

  本句是以and连接的并列句,当中第2个分句的基本是many
say…,say后边的一些是宾语从句,此中还含有二个as指点的妥洽状语从句。

  本句是贰个并列排在一条线句,以and连接;第一个分句的基本是The change met the
technical requirements…,前面的介词结构by engaging a large
professional element作状语,表达met the technical requirements of the
new age的方法;第三个分句的为主是(the change) prevented the decline in
efficiency,前面包车型客车that引导的定语从句修饰decline in
efficiency。注意:engage此处的情致是“雇,聘”。

  [参照译文]

  4.名词性从句

  开销者们看上去只是某些忧郁,而从未心慌,非常多主顾说即便她们正在把开辟压缩一点,不过他们对一本万利的一劳永逸前程依然维持乐天。

  Online culture thinks highly of the notion that the information
flowing onto the screen comes there by specific request.

  6、特殊结构

  [参照译文]

  (1)强调句

  网络文化非常重申那样后生可畏种观念:出未来客商荧屏上的音讯应该是基于客户特定须要发送过来的。

  Perhaps it is humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of flood and
drought that makes the ideal of forcing the waters to do our bidding so
fascinating。

  [布局解析]

  [结构解析]

  本句的中坚是Online culture thinks highly of the notion
that…,在这之中notion后边的that指点二个同位语从句,表达notion的具体内容;同位语从句的基本是the
information…comes there…,此中flowing onto the screen作定语,修饰the
information,句末的by specific request作状语,修饰come there。

  那是二个重申句,基本结构是it is…suffering…that makes…so
fascinating,被重申有个别是humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of
flood and drought,在那之中的主旨词是suffering,有三个修饰成分:humankind’s
long和at the mercy of flood and
drought(受旱灾和涝灾摆布)都做suffering的定语。suffering这么些词除了是被重申的部极度,依旧背后that引导的从句的主语;在that指点的从句中,ideal做宾语,带有of教导的动名词短语forcing
the waters to do our bidding(让河水听我们吩咐)这几个定语;so
fascinating做ideal的宾语补语,表明ideal的特征。

  5.状语从句

  [参照他事他说加以考查译文]

  Consumers seem only concerned, not panicked, and many say they
remain optimistic about the economy’s long-term prospects, even as they
do some modest belt tightening.

  可能便是因为人类长久以来饱受旱涝摆布的伤痛,才使他们战胜暴风雪的优良显得如此引人入胜。

  [参考译文]

  (2)倒装结构

  花费者们看上去只是多少悲观,而从未心慌,超多买主说即便他们正在把开采压缩一点,不过她们对渔人之利的暂劳永逸前途如故保持开朗。

  Nowhere do 1980 census statistics dramatize more the American search
for spacious living than in the Far West。

  [布局拆解解析]

  [结构深入分析]

  本句是以and连接的并列句,此中第三个分句的主干是many
say…,say后边的风姿浪漫部分是宾语从句,当中还蕴含二个as引导的退让状语从句。

  否定副词nowhere放在句首,所以句子现身部分倒装。注意:more
与否认词nowhere一齐利用,相当于最高档。dramatize此处的情趣是“特出展示,使…戏剧化”。

  6.奇特结构

  [参照译文]

  Perhaps it is humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of flood and
drought that makes the ideal of forcing the waters to do our bidding so
fascinating.

  一九八〇年美利哥的人口普遍检查数据声明,未有哪个地方比U.S.A.最西边更能杰出突显西班牙人想搜寻更广大的生存空间。

  [参照译文]

  (3)相比结构

  大概便是因为人类一如既往面临旱灾和涝灾摆布的惨恻,才使他们打败洪涝的佳绩显得如此别有天地。

  Mr. McWhorter’s academic specialty is language history and change,
and he sees the gradual disappearance of “whom”, for example, to be
natural and no more regrettable than the loss of the case-endings of Old
English。

  [结构深入分析]

  [布局剖析]

  那是二个重申句,基本结构是it is…suffering…that makes…so
fascinating,被重申有些是humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of
flood and drought,此中的宗旨词是suffering,有多个修饰成分:humankind’s
long和at the mercy of flood and
drought(受旱灾和涝灾摆布)都做suffering的定语。suffering那一个词除了是被重申的部极度,还是背后that指导的从句的主语;在that教导的从句中,ideal做宾语,带有of指点的动名词短语forcing
the waters to do our bidding(让河水听大家吩咐)那些定语;so
fascinating做ideal的宾语补语,表达ideal的特色。

  本句是三个并排句,包蕴七个以and连接的分句,当中首个分句比较复杂:宾语是the
gradual disappearance of “whom”, for example,接着是to be natural and
no more regrettable,那生龙活虎部分作上述宾语的补足语,最终是相比结构no
more… than… (像…相像不…)。

  Nowhere do 1980 census statistics dramatize more the American search
for spacious living than in the Far West.

  [参照译文]

  [参照他事他说加以考察译文]

  迈克Wat先生的学术长于是语言史和语言变化。举个例子来讲,他感到“whom”朝气蓬勃词的逐年消散是很当然的,像古英中词格结尾的灭绝同样不令人心痛。

  一九七八年U.S.的人口普遍检查数据注明,未有哪个地方比U.S.A.最西边更能优质体现英国人想搜寻越来越宽泛的生存空间。

  (4)分隔结构

  [布局剖判]

  With regard to Futurist poetry, however, the case is rather
difficult, for whatever Futurist poetry may be—even admitting that the
theory on which it is based may be right—it can hardly be classed as
Literature。

  否定副词nowhere放在句首,所以句子现身局地倒装。注意:more
与否认词nowhere一齐利用,约等于最高等。dramatize此处的野趣是“卓绝展示,使…戏剧化”。

  [布局深入深入分析]

  7.分隔结构

  本句的主导是the case is rather difficult, for… it can hardly be
classed as
Literature,前面包车型客车however表示本句与前一句形成比较,句首的介词结构With
regard to Futurist poetry作状语,此中with regard to的意趣是“关于…”;
for… it can hardly be classed as
Literature是叁个并列分句,表示原因,主干是it can hardly be classed as
Literature; for前面的从句whatever Futurist poetry may
be表示迁就,作状语;破折号之间的片段even admitting that…
也是让步状语,当中that 辅导一个宾语从句that the theory… may be
right,而从句的主语theory后又包蕴定语从句on which it is based。

  With regard to Futurist poetry, however, the case is rather
difficult, for whatever Futurist poetry may be—even admitting that the
theory on which it is based may be right—it can hardly be classed as
Literature.

  [参照译文]

  [仿效译文]

  可是就今后主义随想而言,意况就很难说了,因为无论现在主义杂谈是怎么样——固然承认其辩白功底是不错的——也很难将其归为法学。

  但是就以后主义散文来讲,情状就很难说了,因为不管未来主义诗歌是什么样——固然承认其辩护功底是不错的——也很难将其归为文艺。

  来源:万学海文

  [结构深入分析]

  本句的焦点是the case is rather difficult, for… it can hardly be
classed as
Literature,前面包车型客车however表示本句与前一句形成相比较,句首的介词结构With
regard to Futurist poetry作状语,当中with regard
to的情致是“关于…”;for… it can hardly be classed as
Literature是多个同等对待分句,表示原因,主干是it can hardly be classed as
Literature;for前面包车型地铁从句whatever Futurist poetry may
be表示迁就,作状语;破折号之间的有的even admitting that…
也是妥协状语,在那之中that 教导三个宾语从句that the theory… may be
right,而从句的主语theory后又含有定语从句on which it is based。

  8.事关结构

  A survey of news stories in 1996 reveals that the antiscience tag
has been attached to many other groups as well, from authorities who
advocated the elimination of the last remaining stocks of smallpox virus
to Republicans who advocated decreased funding for basic research.

  [参照译文]

  壹玖玖玖年开展的风流浪漫项新闻调核查明,反科学的标签还被贴在其余过多集团身上——从主持解除最终剩下的各个天花病毒的机构,到主持减弱应用商讨经费的共和党人。

  [结构分析]

  本句的中坚是A survey…reveals
that…,主语是survey,谓语是reveals,后边的that指引几个宾语从句,当中央是:the
antiscience tag has been attached to many other groups as
well,后边的片段是from和to连接的五个名词:from authorities…to
Republicans…,表明other
groups的始末,而三个名词前边各自带一个定语从句,都由who指导。

  The astonishing distrust of the news media isn’t rooted in
inaccuracy or poor reportorial skills but in the daily clash of world
views between reporters and their readers.

  [参照他事他说加以考查译文]

  读者对新闻媒体令人惊呆的不相信并不是来自报道失实或通讯技艺非常差,而是来自新闻报道人员和读者之间世界观的经常冲突。

  [布局解析]

  本句的基本是distrust … isn’t rooted in… but in…
(不相信的来源不是…而是…),当中be rooted in…
的意思是“根源在于…”。注意:那是风度翩翩种十分句式,重视在but之后的有个别。

  9.难词与词组

  Mr. McWhorter’s academic specialty is language history and change,
and he sees the gradual disappearance of “whom”, for example, to be
natural and no more regrettable than the loss of the case-endings of Old
English.

  [参照他事他说加以考查译文]

  MikeWat先生的学术专长是语言史和言语变化。举个例子来讲,他认为“whom”生龙活虎词的逐年消退是很自然的,象古韩文中词格结尾的破灭相仿不令人缺憾。

  [结构深入分析]

  本句是一个并列句,包括七个以and连接的分句,个中第贰个分句比较复杂:宾语是the
gradual disappearance of “whom”, for example,接着是to be natural and no
more regrettable,那风流倜傥局地作上述宾语的补足语,最后是相比结构no more…
than… (象…同样不…)。

  10.指代

  “The term ‘antiscience’ can lump together too many, quite different
things,” notes Harvard University philosopher Gerald Holton in his 1993
work Science and Anti-Science, “They have in common only one thing that
they tend to annoy or threaten those who regard themselves as more
enlightened.”

  [参照译文]

  洛桑联邦理艺术高校法学教师杰拉尔德•霍尔顿在他1993年问世的《科学和反科学》大器晚成书中建议:“‘反科学’生龙活虎词把太多特别不相近的内容同日而语——而那个内容唯有少数是联合签名的,那就是它们往往惹恼只怕胁制到那个自以为比外人知识更加多的人。”

  [组织深入分析]

  本句是一个一向引语,说话人是Harvard University philosopher Gerald
Holton,动词note在此边的野趣是“提出”。直接引语的首先有的是个轻易句,此中lump
together的字面意思是“把…同日而论,把…合併到一同”。间接引语的第二片段相比复杂,主干是They
have in common only one thing…,that they tend to annoy or threaten
those…是同位语从句,表达先行词one
thing的具体内容,个中those带有叁个修饰它的定语从句who regard themselves
as more
enlightened。那风流洒脱有的的难处之一是代词的替代难点:第叁个they指代直接引语第一片段的too
many, quite different
things,因为they日常代表复数名词;第3个they也是均等;themselves就近指代前边的those,指人。要认清指代关系,能够依赖“单复数”和“就近原则”等标准举办,然后将规定的代表对象代入,看是或不是通畅和合乎逻辑。

  (本文撰写时参照了李传伟编慕与著述的《2010年考研波兰语真题长难句突破》和《2008年考研匈牙利(Hungary卡塔尔国语阅读真题全方位突破》)

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